We consider the problem of rover relocalization in the context of the notional Mars Sample Return campaign. In this campaign, a rover (R1) needs to be capable of autonomously navigating and localizing itself within an area of approximately 50×50m using reference images collected years earlier by another rover (R0). We propose a visual localizer that exhibits robustness to the relatively barren terrain that we expect to find in relevant areas, and to large lighting and viewpoint differences between R0 and R1. The localizer synthesizes partial renderings of a mesh built from reference R0 images and matches those to R1 images. We evaluate our method on a dataset totaling 2160 images covering the range of expected environmental conditions (terrain, lighting, approach angle). Experimental results show the effectiveness of our approach. This work informs the Mars Sample Return campaign on the choice of a site where Perseverance (R0) will place a set of sample tubes for future retrieval by another rover (R1).


[pdf], [dataset]

  title={Rover Relocalization for Mars Sample Return by Virtual Template Synthesis and Matching},
  author={Pham, Tu-Hoa and Seto, William and Daftry, Shreyansh and Ridge, Barry and Hansen, Johanna and Thrush, Tristan and Van der Merwe, Mark and Maggiolino, Gerard and Brinkman, Alexander and Mayo, John and others},
  journal={IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters},